:: Mumtaz Mahal

Empress MUMTAZ MAHAL | Exotic Beauty

Reign ~•~ 1628 – 1658
Full name ~•~ Arjumand Banu Begum
Born ~•~ April, 1593
Birthplace ~•~ Agra
Died ~•~ 17 June 1631
Place of death ~•~ Burhanpur
Buried ~•~ Taj Mahal
Consort to ~•~ Shah Jahan
Offspring ~•~
  1. Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 - 1616).
  2. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 - 1681).
  3. Shahzada (Imperial Prince) Dara Shikoh (1615 - 1659).
  4. Shahzada Mohammed Sultan Shah Shuja Bahadur(1616 - 1660).
  5. Shahzadi Roshanara Begum (1617 - 1671).
  6. Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707).
  7. Shahzada Sultan Ummid Baksh (1619 -1622).
  8. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 - 1628).
  9. Shahzada Sultan Murad Baksh (1624 - 1661).
  10. Shahzada Sultan Luftallah (1626 - 1628).
  11. Shahzada Sultan Daulat Afza (1628 - 1629).
  12. Shahzadi Husnara Begum (1630 - 1631).
  13. Shahzadi Gauhara Begum (1631 - 1707).
Dynasty ~•~ Mughal
Father ~•~ Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, a Persian noble.
Religious Beliefs ~•~ Islam

Arjumand Banu Begum, popularly known as Mumtāz Mahal (April, 1593 - 17 June 1631) meaning "beloved ornament of the palace" was an Empress of India during the Mughal Dynasty. Her father was the brother of Empress Nur Jahan (who subsequently became the wife of the emperor Jahangir). She was religiously a Shi'a Muslim.

Betrothed to Prince Khurram in 1607 AD at the age of 14 years, she was married five years later on 10 May 1612, a date selected by the court astrologers as most conducive to ensuring a happy marriage to Prince Khurram, who later ascended the Peacock Throne of India as the fifth Mughal Emperor and populary known as Shah Jahan I. She was his third wife, and became his favorite.

After their wedding celebrations, Khurram "finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time", gave her the title 'Mumtaz Mahal' Begum (Chosen One of the Palace). The intervening years had seen Khurrum take two other wives.

Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire.

His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. Mumtaz was portrayed as the perfect wife with no aspirations to political power.

She also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights performed for the court. It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire. Mumtaz devoted some time to a riverside garden in Agra and it may have been her affection for this garden that prompted the eventual form of her monument.


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