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Outlying BUILDINGS


lu~ 1632 esa ikPkos eqxy lezkV 'kkgtgk iexcl; us bldh jpuk dk;Z izkjEHk fd;k tks fd gj le; esa viuh rjg dk loksZRre edcjk gSA ;g rktegy 22 QhV dh Aring; iexcl;pkbZ] 313 QhV ds pcwrjs ftlds pkjksa fdukjksa ij 137 QhV yEch vkSj 81 QhV Aring; iexcl;ph 58 QhV ds O;kl tks dsfUnz; xqEcn ds e/;] ckgjh yxHkx 200 QhV dh Aring; iexcl;pkbZ okys izdks quot;B ij fLFkr gSA vc ;g o`rkUr ^;wusLdks* fo'o fojklr osclkbV ij miyC/k gSA ;g edcjk 'kkgtgk iexcl; dk viuh fiz; iRuh eqerkt egy ds izfr ok;nk gS tc eqerkt egy e`R;q ldquo;kS cedil;;k ij iM+h FkhA lpeqp ;g lqUnj edcjk mldh lqUnjrk dk ifjpk;d gSA


efLtn


;g iwjk edcjk pcwrjs ds nksuksa vksj fLFkj len`'; bekjrksa ls f?kjk gSA if'pe esa ;g edcjk frac14;cxhPks ls ns[kus ij ckW;h vksj frac12; vkSj fegeku [kkuk ;k lHkkd{k iwohZ {ks= esa fLFkr gS tks fd unh ds fdukjs ij lq'kksfHkr gSA ;g edcjk dkjhuk i)fr ij vk/kkfjr f=xq.kksa ls lqlfTtr dsUnz ij vuks[kh jpuk gS vkSj vkt dy dh bekjrs dkQh gn rd blh ds vkdkj esa gSA tks iw.kZ len`';rk dks n'kkZrh gSA fQj Hkh ;g Hkou lc esa vuks[kk gS vkSj ,d /kkfeZd efLtn ds :i esa unh ds fdukjs fLFkr gksdj viuh xq:rk dks cuk;s gq, gSA ;g vius dqN fof'k quot;V xq.kksa ds dkj.k tSls izkFkZuk lHkk ,oa /kkfeZd mins'k ds fy, izfl) gS bl edcjs dk Q'kZ 569 dkys laxejej tks fd okg~; {ks= ij tfVr gS] mlh ij cuk gSA ;g eqxfy;k efLtn vkSj bldk cM+ d{k rhu Hkkxksa esa c iexcl;Vk gSA ;s rhuksa Hkkx Aring;ijh xqEcn dh vksj [kqyrs gSA fegeku [kkuk dh jpuk iwjs lajpukRed Lo:i dks larqfyr djus ds fy, gqbZ gS tks [kqnesa fdlh Hkh iz'u dk tokc nsrh gS D;ksfd iwjh efLtn f}jpukRed larqyu ij vk/kkfjr gSA bldk izeq[k dk;Z vkxUrqdksa dks vius esa lek;ksftr djuk Fkk tc os eqerkt egy ds e`R;q laLdkj esa 'kkfey gksus vk;s FksA dqN o quot;kksZ rd ;g 'kksd lHkk i.Mkyksa esa gksrh Fkh tc rd dh ;g Hkou iwjk ugha gqvk FkkA bl pcwrjs ij nks rjg dh gLr fufeZr d`fr;ka gS tks ckyw ds iRFkjksa ij jRu tfVy vyad`r edcjs ds xqEcn dks ngyht ij f[akph gSA ;g vkd`fr 'kkgtgk iexcl; }kjk fufeZr lHkh Hkouksa esa ik;h tkrh gSA nksuksa efLtn vkSj fegeku[kkuk dk fuekZ.k lery /kjkry ls 25 bap dh Aring; iexcl;pkbZ ij cuk gSA blds nksuksa vksj bu pcwrjksa dk {ks= vkSj edcjk [kkyh vk;rkdkj uhjl njckj ds :i esa O;ofLFkr gSA lkeus dk tyk'k; izkFkZuk ls igys Luku ds fy, vko';d gSA tcfd fegeku[kkus dk tyk'k; fcuk iz;kstu dk cuk gSA



ftykm[kkuk dk {ks=


rkt ifjlj esa izos'k ds fy, rhuksa esa ls ,d izeq[k}kj ftykm[kkuk dh vksj tkrk gSA tc fd iwohZ rFkk if'peh }kj n'kZdksa ds fy, cus gSA ftykm[kkuk ds nf{k.kh Hkkx ij yEcs yEcs xfy;kjsa gS vkSj cktkj dh xfy;ka Hkh blh vksj vkrh gSA budk iquZfuekZ.k lu~ 1905 ls 1922 esa gqvk FkkA if'pe dh vksj tkus okyh lM+d nks vkUrfjd Hkouksa ls f?kjh gSA Qrsgiqj efLtn vkSj ,d xqeuke edcjk tks fd lEHkor% lRrh mu fu'kk[kkue dk gS tks eqerkt egy dh ukSdjkuh FkhA cktkj dh nks xfy;ka lh/ks laLdkfjd njckj dh vksj tkrh gS tSls fd ftykm[kkukA 'kkgtWgkuh Hkou fuekZ.k dyk] njckj ds rkSj rjhds vkSj O;ofLFkr laLdkj i)fr ls lHkh ckrs cgqr fof'k quot;V gks pqdh gS] blh ds lkFk lkFk LFkkiR; dykd`fr Hkh O;ofLFkr lt;ax ls ekStwn gSA bl dczxkg ij vkus okys vkxUrqd vius gkfFk;ksa ,oa ?kksM+ksa ls mrjdj] izeq[k }kj esa izos'k ls igys ,df=r gksrs FksA ftykm[kkuk esa vUnj nks lerqY; vkWxu gSA mRrjh Hkkx esa cxhps dh nhokj ls lVk gqvk nks [kokliqjl gS ftu dejksa esa dcz dh lqj{kk ds fy, }kjiky gksrs FksA nf{k.k dh vksj nks vkSj dejsa gS ftls ikjEifjd rkSj ij lgsyh cqtZ ;k efgyk fe= feukj dgk tkrk gSA



cktkj dh xfy;ka


nks ,d tSlh xfy;ka iwohZ ,oa if'peh }kj ls vkxs c lt;+dj ftykm[kkuk dh vksj tkrh gSA ;s xfy;ka nksuksa vksj nwj nwj vk;rkdkj vkSj fcuk f[kM+dh okys dejksa ls f?kjh gS vkSj bUgha ds lkeus fofo/k LrEHkksa ds lgkjs cjkenk cuk gS tks 'kkgtWgkuh dykd`fr dk vuwBk mnkgj.k gS vkSj ;g blh :i esa ;gkW n'kZuh; gSA bUgha LrEHkksa ds Aring;ij yky ckyw iRFkj ds cM+s cM+s [k.M nhokj ds lgkjs ckgj fudys gS tks /kwi vkSj o quot;kkZ ls vkxUrqdksa dks cpkrs gSA bls ^NTtk* ds uke ls tkurs gS tks eqxyHkk quot;kk esa Hkkjrh; LFkkiR; dyk esa dbZ 'krkfCn;ksa ls tkuk tkrk gSA




iwohZ ,oa if'peh }kj


iwohZ vkSj if'peh }kj ,d leku gSA buds ckgjh Hkkx cgqr pkSM+s gS vkSj blh esa v)Z pUnzkdkj rFkk vk;rkdkj cukoV esa njokts dk Lo:i ifjyf{kr gSA bUgha njoktksa ds nksuksa vksj cgqdks.kh; LrEHk uhps ls Aring;ij rd fofo/k :iksa esa vyad`r gS tks Aring;ijh Nr rd [kM+s gSA ;s LrEHk dks.kh; nhokjksa ds e/; ls nwj gSA bu LrEHkksa dk Aring;ijh Hkkx eqxy dykd`fr ij vk/kkfjr uewuksa ls lq'kksfHkr gSA ;gk iexcl; ge f=Lrjh; jPkuk ij vk/kkfjr dykd`fr dks ns[krs gSa tks rkt ,oa edcjs ds vuwBsiu dks c;ka djrs gSA



nf{k.kh }kj

nf{k.kh }kj] iwohZ vkSj if'peh }kj dh rqyuk esa foLr`r ,oa lery gS ftlesa vyx vyx xqynLrksa dh vkd`fr;Wka gSA bl iwjs lt;yq, Hkw Hkkx ds dkj.k ;g }kj ftykm[kkuk ls 7 fQV 10 bap vf/kd Aring; iexcl;pk gS vkSj ;gk iexcl; ij lhf lt;+;ksa ls tk;k tkrk gSA Bhd blds ckgj dh lhf lt;+;ka cktkj ,oa HkhM+;qDr ifjos'k dh vkjs tkrh gSA ;gha ij rktxat 3 fQV 3 bap dh Aring; iexcl;pkbZ ij fLFkr gSA

cM+k njoktk


ftykm[kkuk dk ifj{ks= cM+s njokts ds izos'k }kj ls NksVk gS tks nf{k.kh dcz m|ku ds fnokj ls lVk gSA ykgkSjh bls edcjs dk njoktk , jkStk* uke ls iqdkjrs gSA fuf'pr :i ls ;g njoktk edcjs ds leku gSA blesa Hkou fuekZ.k jpuk lVhd ifjyf{kr gksrh gSA ;g njoktk ftykm[kkuk ,oa dcz m|ku ds chp ,d lEcU/k dk;e djrk gSA ;gkW ls n'kZd] rkt dh HkO;rk dks fugkjrs gSA tks fd n'kZdksa dk bartkj djrk izrhr gksrk gSA ;g cM+k njoktk nf{k.k vkSj mRrj esa T;kferh; uewus ij vk/kkfjr pcwrjs ij fLFkr gSA bl cM+s njokts ds nf{k.k vksj gh ftykm[kkuk gS tks jktlh Hkou fuekZ.k dyk dks n'kkZrk gS D;ksafd blh ifj{ks= esa ;g vf}rh; edcjk fLFkr gSA


;g eqxy dkyhu Hkou fuekZ.k dyk dks lS)kfUrd :i esa of.kZr djrk gS bl edcjs esa n'kZuh; gS tgkW cM+s cM+s nks [kkuksa esa rk[k cuk gSA ;g f=Lrjh; uewuk ftykm[kkuk ds ifj{ks= esa cgqr gh ljl Lo:i esa fufeZr fd;k x;k FkkA bl njokts dh vkUrfjd cukoV iwohZ vkSj if'peh }kjksa ls Hkh fn[kkbZ iM+rh gSA bldh jpuk fnYyh ds lYrur ds LFkkiR; dyk ij vk/kkfjr gS tks dqoSr my bLyke efLtn ds vykbZ njoktk ls fy;k x;k FkkA bldh lekurk jkse ds fot; LrEHkksa ls feyrh gS ftldk dksbZ Li quot;V izek.k ughsa gSA






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